AKA: Johnny Gosch
AGE AT REPORT: 12
DOB: November 12, 1969
EYE COLOR: Blue
WEIGHT: 140 lbs.
MISSING FROM: West Des Moines, IA
DCI CASE NUMBER: 82-04613
DES MOINES PD CASE NUMBER: 82-2976
NCIC NUMBER: M-089641270
NAMUS MP NUMBER: 6131
NCMEC NUMBER: 601763
PHYSICAL: Birthmark on left cheek, horseshoe-shaped scar on tongue
DATE LAST SEEN ALIVE: September 5, 1982
INVESTIGATING AGENCY: FBI – Des Moines (515) 223-4278, and West Des Moines Police Department
DENTAL: Dental information / charting is available and entered
DNA: Familial sample submitted – Tests complete
Case summary by Jody Ewing and Aaron Brilbeck
It’s a story that shocked communities and catapulted Iowa into the national spotlight, changed state law and forever changed the way parents monitored their children’s activities.
Twelve-year-old Des Moines Register paperboy Johnny Gosch left his West Des Moines home on Sunday morning, September 5, 1982, to begin his paper route. He wore a white sweatshirt with ‘Kim’s Academy’ on the back, warm-up pants, blue rubber flip-flops, and carried a yellow paper-bag.
Normally, his father, John Gosch, accompanied him on the route, but on this day Johnny went alone.
He never came home.
What happened after that has been the subject of speculation for more than three decades.
In a November 11, 2010 interview — the day before Johnny would have celebrated his 41st birthday — Johnny’s mother Noreen Gosch told WHO-TV Channel 13’s Aaron Brilbeck that several other paper boys, all witnesses to the abduction, said Johnny was approached by a man driving a blue Ford Fairmont.
“The guy shut off his engine, opened the passenger door and swung his feet out on the curb right where the boys were assembling their newspapers. And he started talking about where’s 86th street?” Ms. Gosch told Brilbeck. “Johnny turned to Mike and said, ‘I’ve got my papers loaded in the wagon. I’m scared. I’m getting out of here. I’m gonna head home.'”
As Johnny left, the driver of the car took off, too, the boys told police.
“The man pulled the door shut and started up the engine, but before he left he reached up and flicked the dome light three times. Then he pulled out and left,” Ms. Gosch said.
She said she believes the driver was signaling another person who later grabbed Johnny, and that one of the paperboys saw a tall man come out from in between two houses and follow her son.
West Des Moines Police Lt. Jeff Miller — a rookie cop at the time — told Brilbeck police began scouring the area immediately but hit one wall after another.
“They went ahead and called in the staff,” Miller said. “The troopers. They called in detectives. Reserves. Contacted Polk County Sheriffs. The State Patrol. At that point they did a door to door canvass of that neighborhood trying to find someone who saw something of Johnny.”
Nothing was found, and they saw nothing at all, said Miller.
Noreen Gosch kept meticulous notes about her son’s disappearance and documented the first two years in an early chapter — “They Have No Crime … I Have No Son!!!! The First Two Years” — in a book she’d later publish about her unsuccessful efforts to work with police and what it took to finally get law enforcement’s attention.
A Mother’s Crusade
One month after her son’s disappearance, Noreen founded The Johnny Gosch Foundation and also developed a program called “In Defense of Children.” She began touring the nation, making nearly 1,000 personal appearances with law enforcement, missing persons organizations, those involving human trafficking, and doing whatever she could to increase overall awareness of crimes involving children.
On July 1, 1984, a bill she authored — the Johnny Gosch Bill — was passed into Iowa law. It mandated immediate police involvement whenever a child went missing, and was subsequently adopted by eight additional states.
That same year, she traveled to Washington, D.C. and testified before Congress during hearings on organized crime. Her testimony, she said, led to death threats and also, in part, the eventual establishment of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. President Ronald Reagan invited her to the center’s opening and dedication.
She went to work on two documentaries — one for HBO and another for the State Department.
Her story and what she believed happened to her son led to her writing Why Johnny Can’t Come Home, a book published in 2000.
Time marched onward — months turning into more years — still with no sign of her son.
In the interim, two more young Des Moines boys also vanished under mysterious circumstances. Thirteen-year-old paperboy Eugene Martin vanished from Des Moines’ south side on August 12, 1984.
Not quite two years after Martin’s disappearance, 13-year-old Marc Allen told his mother he planned to walk to a friend’s house down the street but never arrived at the neighbor’s home and hasn’t been seen since March 29, 1986.
The Milk Carton Kids (this section updated Aug. 26, 2017)
After Eugene Martin disappeared in 1984, a relative working at Anderson & Erickson Dairy in Des Moines reached out to company president Jim Erickson for help. The Register had run full-page ads with the boys’ pictures and information, and a local trucking company had put poster-size images of the boys on the sides of their trucks; the employee wondered if there wasn’t something A & E could do to help as well.
Erickson said yes, and that same month began running photos and short bios about the boys on the sides of the dairy’s half-gallon milk cartons. It got the boys’ faces into thousands of area homes every morning.
One week after A & E launched the milk carton program, Prairie Farms Dairy in Des Moines decided to do the same, and the project soon exploded on a nationwide basis.
Wikipedia’s Disappearance of Etan Patz page lists Patz — the 6-year-old who went missing from Manhattan in New York on May 25, 1979 — as the “first missing child case to have a photo appear on a milk carton.”
The well-intentioned statement confused those familiar with the Johnny Gosch and Eugene Martin cases (including Iowa Cold Cases), and while part of the statement is true — Patz’s photo and information was the first to grace milk cartons nationwide in the United States — Anderson & Erickson Dairy officially launched the original concept on a local basis in Des Moines in September 1984.
Based on numerous reports – cited below under “Sources” – Iowa Cold Cases compiled an early years timeline. We welcome any corrections and/or clarifications.
- September 1984: Anderson-Erickson Dairy in Des Moines begins to run photos and short bios of Johnny and Eugene on the sides of the dairy’s half-gallon milk cartons.
- One week after AE launches the project, Prairie Farms Dairy, also in Des Moines, decides to do the same.
- November 1984: Walter Woodbury, VP of Hawthorne Mellody Dairy in Whitewater, Wisc. (one of the biggest milk distributors in Chicago) sees one of Anderson-Erickson’s cartons while on a trip to Iowa, and presents the idea (of doing the same thing in the Chicago area) to Commander Mayo of the Chicago PD’s youth division.
- November/December 1984: Steven Glazer, chief of staff for California state assemblyman (future governor) Gray Davis, reads a newspaper article about Chicago’s upcoming milk carton program and talks Davis into promoting it as a statewide program. Glazer contacts dairies around the state, and dozens sign up.
- January 1985: Chicago’s first “missing-children milk cartons” appear (with an estimated reach of roughly two million cartons every month).
- January 1985: The Chicago launch draws national attention on Good Morning America, The Today Show, CBS Morning News, and the AP.
- January 1985: The milk carton program kicks off in California, appearing on tens of millions of milk cartons every month.
- Late January 1985: the National Child Safety Council (NCSC) announces they are launching their own nationwide “Missing Children Milk Carton Program.” They say they have 100 dairies already signed up.
- March 1985: More than 700 dairies are now involved, and 1.5 billion milk cartons with images of missing kids are distributed nationwide.
- April 1985: The NCSC announces that reported sightings of missing children has increased by more than 30 percent.
The program’s success leads to other items being used to display missing kids’ faces (shopping bags, soda bottles, billboards), but the Missing Children Milk Carton Campaign is short-lived; it runs only a few years and ends after many parents complain that seeing the pictures of missing kids everyday is “scaring their own children.”
Still Awaiting Answers
Marc Allen’s mother, Nancy Allen, has stated she doesn’t know whether her son’s disappearance is linked to the disappearance of either Johnny Gosch or Eugene Martin, but felt police were reluctant to pursue her son’s case because of the other two missing boys.
“I got the distinct feeling [police] did not want parents to be frightened to let their children sell newspapers or do different things,” Nancy Allen told WHO-TV’s Aaron Brilbeck in a story Channel 13 aired November 25, 2010.
More than two decades after all three boys disappeared, one mother received a stark reminder.
Early one September morning in 2006, Noreen Gosch said a mysterious envelope showed up on her front doorstep. Inside, she said, she found three disturbing photos of several boys, all tied up. One of the boys appeared to be Johnny.
“I literally could not breathe. I could not get my breath,” Gosch told Brilbeck. “I was so totally unprepared to see something like that. All these years had gone by and here was this picture.”
The image in question depicted a young boy, hog-tied and wearing only his underpants and socks.
Gosch took the photos to the West Des Moines Police Department.
“When I did we spread them out and the detective kept saying ‘That’s Johnny, that’s Johnny,'” said Gosch. “I said ‘I know that’s Johnny.'”
The press went wild. Newspapers and television stations across the country reported Gosch’s story. Then came a call from West Des Moines police, who told Gosch they were planning a press conference of their own; they planned to announce the pictures weren’t of Johnny after all.
“I said that picture is Johnny, and the detective said to me, ‘Well, somebody from Florida called in and said he used to be an investigator and remembered the pictures — those pictures — from a case in 1970-something,'” Gosch said.
Noreen Gosch said she asked the detective if the caller had provided them with any evidence, and he’d responded with ‘no,’ telling her they just had the phone call.
“And based on his phone call you’re going to do a press conference and say that picture’s not Johnny?” she recalled asking him. “And he said, ‘Well, yes I am.'”
To this day, Gosch believes the boy in the photo is her son, and that he was bound, gagged and abused, and taken for the purpose of satisfying pedophiles. Police continue to insist it’s not him.
“We found out where the photos were taken,” Lt. Miller told Brilbeck. “We talked with investigators in Florida and they were able to identify all of the kids in that picture and they weren’t Johnny Gosch.”
An Ideal World
The differing opinions on the boy’s identify hasn’t stopped Noreen Gosch, who continues to dedicate her life to finding her son’s abductors and raising awareness about kidnapping and human trafficking. Her lobbying helped change laws and improve child safety.
“The things that are good is the awareness that this has brought. The case changed the country. It was a watershed case,” she said.
In a personal note to her son on a website she created in his honor, Noreen wrote, “My hope is that the latest report saying you are still alive is true and that one day we will be able to see each other again.”
She also posted a list of things she knows about her son’s kidnapping and notes how it all feels “like it was yesterday.”
Police, however, doubt he’s alive and believe the only real break in the case will come when Johnny’s remains are found.
“In the ideal world he is alive and he comes home and everybody’s happy,” Lt. Miller said. “But in the real world more than likely our best lead will come when his body is found. And at that point it becomes a crime scene.”
WHO-TV Channel 13’s Aaron Brilbeck talks with Noreen Gosch, mother of Iowa missing paperboy Johnny Gosch, and the West Des Moines Police Department on what would have been Johnny’s 41st birthday. WARNING: Some viewers may find the content disturbing. Viewer discretion is advised. Air date: November 11, 2010
Miller told Brilbeck that as a parent, he didn’t know what Ms. Gosch is going through, and felt his statements might be kind of harsh.
“But that’s reality,” he said. “That’s more than likely what will happen.”
Asked about what would have been her son’s 41st birthday, Noreen said she often thinks about what his life would have been like had it not been for that fateful day in 1982.
“He would have gone on, probably found the love of his life. Maybe, hopefully settled down. Had a family, an interesting career that he enjoyed like his siblings,” she said. “You want the best thing for your child and the sad thing is that was all robbed from him…and those years are missing. The clock stopped at 12 years old for us.”
‘Who Took Johnny’ premieres at film festival
The documentary feature film “Who Took Johnny,” which chronicles the mystery surrounding the young boy’s disappearance, premiered Thursday, Jan. 16, 2014 at the Slamdance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, according to a Des Moines Register article published that same day. The festival featured a second showing on Jan. 23.
The film “captures the endless intrigue surrounding the eyewitness accounts, compelling evidence and emotional discoveries” that span three decades, according to filmmakers with the New York-based studio Rumur, which produced the film.
“Who Took Johnny” grew out of a 2012 MSNBC film titled “Missing Johnny.” The film combines archive footage and new interviews with Gosch’s parents, Noreen and John Gosch, along with investigators and others connected to the case.
The Fleur Cinema in West Des Moines has scheduled to show the documentary the week of April 24, 2015.
Noreen Gosch, who’d never before agreed to take part in a film until “Who Took Johnny,” said the filmmakers tackled it with “honesty and compassion.” She said the film sheds light on how little was known at the time about pedophilia and the child sex trade, which she is convinced played a role in her son’s abduction.
Trailer for “WHO TOOK JOHNNY?” Rumur Films, an independent studio based in Brooklyn, New York, produced a film in 2014 about Johnny’s disappearance. Filmmakers traveled to Des Moines, Iowa, to make Who Took Johnny, which compiles decades of interviews of dozens of people involved with the case. The film focuses on the heartbreaking story of Johnny’s mother, Noreen Gosch, and her relentless quest to find the truth about what happened that tragic September morning in Des Moines when Johnny never returned from his paper route.
Other Ongoing News/Updates
Johnny Gosch’s red wagon to be displayed at Iowa State Fair
By Pat Curtis | RadioIowa.com | July 20, 2017
A red wooden wagon, a piece of one of the most infamous cold cases in Iowa history, is going to be on display at this year’s Iowa State Fair.
Ron Sampson of Des Moines has possession of the wagon – which was being used by Johnny Gosch on the morning of September 5, 1982 to deliver newspapers. The wagon was left behind when the 12-year-old boy vanished.
So, why does Sampson want to showcase the wagon at the Fair? “We’re certainly not trying to commercialize anything,” Sampson says.
If you have any information about Johnny Gosch’s disappearance or whereabouts, please call FBI Special Agent Gerald Ingrisano at (515) 223-4278 or West Des Moines Police Department Detective Tom Boyd at (515) 223-3211.
Sources and References:
- “THEY HAVE NO CRIME…I HAVE NO SON!!!! THE FIRST TWO YEARS,” by Noreen Gosch, JohnnyGosch.com
- West Des Moines Police Department
- Iowa Department of Public Safety Missing Person Information Clearinghouse
- Federal Bureau of Investigation
- National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs)
- National Center for Missing & Exploited Children: John David Gosch
- National Child Safety Council | About | Missing Children Efforts
- “Today marks 36 years since Johnny Gosch disappeared,” KCCI.com, September 5, 2018
- “After Mollie Tibbetts, others with missing loved ones try to cope with decades of pain,” by Mike Kilen, The Des Moines Register, August 28, 2018
- “Finding Johnny Gosch: Missing child investigation continues 35 years later,” by Todd Magel, KCCI.com, September 5, 2017
- “The missing kids milk carton campaign started in Iowa,” by Linh Ta, The Des Moines Register, desmoinesregister.com, Monday, September 4, 2017
- “Johnny Gosch: An Iowa kidnapping that helped change the nation,” by Linh Ta, The Des Moines Register, desmoinesregister.com, Monday, September 4, 2017
- “Johnny Gosch’s red wagon to be displayed at Iowa State Fair,” by Pat Curtis, RadioIowa.com, July 20, 2017
- “Johnny Gosch’s red wagon will be displayed at state fair,” by Todd Magel, KCCI.com, July 19, 2017
- “When Bad News Was Printed on Milk Cartons: Before push notifications and AMBER Alerts, dairy farmers doubled as publishers,” by Adrienne LaFrance, The Atlantic, theatlantic.com, February 14, 2017
- “Johnny Gosch | Explained in 5 Minutes,” by reallygraceful, YouTube.com, February 5, 2017
- “Franklin Cover-up Explained | Conspiracy of Silence,” posted to YouTube by member reallygraceful, January 26, 2017
- “Filmmaker: Questions remain in paper carrier’s disappearance,” by Linda Cook, Quad City Times, November 21, 2016
- ‘Who Took Johnny,’ Mariah Wellman, Special to the Register, Des Moines Register, September 11, 2016
- “Noreen Gosch corresponded with MN mother who lost her son,” by Steffani Nolte, KCCI.com, Sept. 8, 2016
- “Labor Day marks 34 years since Johnny Gosch disappeared,” KETV.com, September 5, 2016
- “Discovery of Minnesota boy’s remains reignites Iowa cold cases,” by Alex Kirkpatrick, KCCI.com, Sept. 4, 2016
- “Labor Day marks grim anniversary of Iowa boy’s disappearance,” by Ethan Fickau, KCCI.com, September 4, 2016
- “Rugland: Always on alert,” by Addie Rugland, The Mason City Globe Gazette, May 29, 2016
- “Unresolved Mysteries: Johnny Gosch and Eugene Martin cases possibly linked to a string of unsolved attempted abduction of newspaper carriers in 1980s Des Moines,” reddit.com discussion, June 23, 2016
- “Grassley cites ‘notorious’ Johnny Gosch, Jetseta Gage cases in support of legislation,” by James Q. Lynch, The Quad City Times, May 25, 2016
- “HOW THE MISSING-CHILDREN MILK CARTON PROGRAM STARTED,” from Today I Found Out – Feed Your Brain, www.todayifoundout.com, November 23, 2015
- Set up a screening of “Who Took Johnny” in your hometown theater
- “‘Who Took Johnny’ film about missing boy to be screened at Sunset Place 24,” by Stephanie Brito, The Miami Herald, October 8, 2015
- “Milk Carton Kids,” by Annie Brown, 99% Invisible, 99percentinvisible.org, Episode 181, September 15, 2015
- “The Original Milk Carton Kids: Johnny Gosch and Eugene Martin,” by Clare Roth & Ben Kieffer, IowaPublicRadio.org, August 11, 2015
- “Screening of “Who Took Johnny” and Skype Q&A with director Michael Galinsky,” The Omaha World-Herald, Monday, July 6, 2015
- “Film chronicles Johnny Gosch’s mother’s search for the truth,” by Micah Mertes, The Omaha World-Herald, Monday, July 6, 2015
- “Film Streams releases much of post-CWS programming,” by Micah Mertes, The Omaha World-Herald, Wednesday, June 10, 2015
- “Film Review: Who took Johnny?” By Chad Taylor, dmcityview.com, April 22, 2015
- “Noreen Gosch: “Who Took Johnny” Documentary,” by KCWI, April 20, 2015
- “Fleur to show new Johnny Gosch documentary,” by Lee Rood, The Des Moines Register, April 8, 2015
- “COLD CASE SPOTLIGHT: Johnny Gosch,” DATELINE, NBCNews.com, Sunday, October 26, 2014
- “Do you remember? It happened 32 years ago today,” KCCI.com, September 5, 2014
- “Friday marks 32nd anniversary Johnny Gosch disappeared,” by KCCI.com, September 4, 2014
- “Noreen Gosch Speaks About – Jeff Gannon, Johnny Gosch and the Attempted Theft of Her Book ‘Why Johnny Can’t Come Home’,” by Charlene Fassa, Interview with Noreen Gosch, scribd.com
- “30th anniversary of paperboy’s disappearance just ahead,” KCCI.com, August 1, 2014
- “Riders with a cause,” by Christinia Crippes, WCFCourier.com, May 31, 2014
- “Motorcycle ride raises awareness for missing, exploited children,” KWWL.com, May 31, 2014
- “Maryland Film Festival 2014 lineup includes ‘Ping Pong Summer’,” by Chris Kaltenbach, The Baltimore Sun, April 9, 2014
- “2014 Chicago Underground Film Festival,” chicagotribune.com, April 3, 2014
- “Our guide to the 21st annual Chicago Underground Film Festival,” ChicagoReader.com, April 2, 2014
- “Coming attractions,” The Missoula Independent, February 13, 2014
- Rumur Films — About WHO TOOK JOHNNY
- “Metro Communities: ‘Who Took Johnny’ on tap at film fest today,” The Des Moines Register, January 16, 2014
- “Documentary about Gosch to premiere in Utah,” The Des Moines Register, January 13, 2014
- “Full-Length Feature Film Examines Disappearance of Johnny Gosch,” West Des Moines Patch, October 1, 2013
- “Would Amber Alert Wording Change Made Difference in Evansdale Cousins, Johnny Gosch Kidnappings?” by Alison Gowans, The Iowa Patch, August 3, 2013
- “Noreen Gosch: FBI Kidnapping Stings Must be Followed by Harsh Jail Sentences,” West Des Moines Patch, July 29, 2013
- “FBI Rescues 105 Kids from Child-Sex Trafficking Trade Johnny Gosch’s Mom Warned About,” West Des Moines Patch, July 29, 2013
- “Noreen Gosch to be Honored for Fight Against Child Predators, Human Trafficking,” West Des Moines Patch, July 24, 2013
- “Cedar Rapids conference to honor Noreen Gosch, mother of abducted paperboy,” thegazette.com, July 24, 2013
- “Man identifying himself to police as “Johnny Gosch” is charged,” by John Speer, Central Iowa Press – NorthernSunPrint.com, July 6, 2013
- “Noreen Gosch asks: ‘Why didn’t he get life in prison?’,” KCCI Channel 8 Des Moines, May 22, 2013
- “Missing Paperboy Johnny Gosch’s Mom Felt ‘Weight Lifted’ when Ohio Women Escaped Captors,” West Des Moines IA Patch, May 8, 2013
- “‘Missing Johnny’ Documentary on MSNBC Sunday Traces Disappearance of West Des Moines Paper Boy,” Waukee Patch, December 15, 2012
- “Innocence Abducted: From Johnny Gosch to Evansdale Cousins, 30 Years Have Brought Many Changes to Missing Children Investigations,” Johnston Patch, September 7, 2012
- “30 years later, Johnny Gosch’s mom still deals with the pain,” by Cynthia Fodor, KCCI Channel 8 Des Moines, September 5, 2012
- “Thirty years after missing child Johnny Gosch vanished, volunteers relive case,” by Emily Schettler, The Des Moines Register, September 4, 2012
- “30 Years After Johnny Gosch Vanished, Iowa’s Innocence Abducted” by Beth Dalbey, (Part 1 of a Series), Iowa City Patch, September 4, 2012
- “Iowa’s Missing Kids: Innocence Abducted,” by Beth Dalbey, The Johnston Patch, September 3, 2012
- “Here’s what Johnny gosch would look like today,” KCCI Channel 8 Des Moines, August 24, 2012
- “Mother of abducted Johnny Gosch on missing cousins: ‘I know all too well what it’s like’,” by Vanessa Miller, The Cedar Rapids Gazette / Sioux City Journal, July 17, 2012
- “Johnny Gosch: Nancy Grace America’s Missing,” CNN, March 2, 2011
- “Johnny Gosch Case Gets National Attention Tonight,” KCCI Des Moines, March 2, 2011
- “COLD CASE: The story of a teen boy who disappeared [Marc Allen] is told yet again,” by Aaron Brilbeck, WHOTV.com Channel 13, November 25, 2010
- “Johnny’s Birthday: Missing Paperboy Johnny Gosch Would Have Turned 41,” by Aaron Brilbeck, WHOTV.com, November 11, 2010
- “Aaron Brilbeck reports on the Eugene Martin case,” WHO-TV Channel 13, July 8, 2010
- “Iowa paper boy vanished on route in 1982,” by Philip Rosenbaum, Nancy Grace, Producer, CNN Justice, CNN.com, November 9, 2009
- “Johnny Gosch Case Revisited As His Birthday Draws Near,” The Huffington Post, November 9, 2009
- “20 years after Wetterling abduction, cases have changed society,” by David Unze, The St. Cloud TIMES / sctimes.com, October 21, 2009
- “Missing Iowa Boy’s Mother Holds Out Hope: Johnny Gosch Missing Nearly 27 Years,” KCCI, August 28, 2009
- “Hansen: 25 years later, Eugene Martin case still haunts,” by Marc Hansen, The Des Moines Register, August 12, 2009
- Johnny Gosch: Wikipedia
- America’s Most Wanted: John “Johnny” David Gosch
- The Johnny Gosch Foundation
- “New Leads in the Johnny Gosch Case,” KWWL News, May 28, 2008 (Article no longer available on KWWL but reprinted here.)
- “Preventing Abuse Conference,” KWWL Channel 7 News, April 17, 2008
- “Photos Dropped on Iowa Mom’s Doorstep Add Twist to 1982 Missing-Boy Case,” FOX News, September 12, 2006
- “Police investigate photograph of missing boy,” The Associated Press / Sioux City Journal, September 1, 2006
- Legislative Services Agency — Minutes: New Iowans Study Committee Public Hearing, October 6, 2005
- “Noreen Gosch Speaks About – Jeff Gannon, Johnny Gosch And The Attempted Theft Of Her Book ‘Why Johnny Can’t Come Home’,” by Charlene Fassa, rense.com, August 18, 2005
- “What Happened to Johnny Gosch?” Democrats.com Unity, May 28, 2005
- “Cover Story: Death of a Conspiracy,” by Tim Schmitt, Pointblank, April 17, 2005
- “Johnny Gosch, Jeff Gannon, Hunter Thompson and the Unraveling of a Troubling Tale,” Portland Independent Media Center, April 8, 2005
- Gosch, Noreen N., Why Johnny Can’t Come Home, Johnny Gosch Foundation, November 2000
- “CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE,” by The Discovery Channel, original airdate scheduled for May 3, 1994, but pulled at last minute; copy of video furnished anonymously to former Nebraska state senator and attorney John De Camp, who made it available to retired FBI Agent Ted L. Gunderson. Courtesy YouTube.com
- “MURDERED MISSING UNSOLVED: 2 Iowa boys gone but not forgotten: Decades later, Gosches think case solved,” by Jeff Burnham, The Cedar Rapids Gazette, Friday, March 20, 1992