January 4, 1933
Case Summary compiled by Jody Ewing
Barely a year after his wife’s death, Ashley Downing, a 77-year-old chicken farmer, was shot and killed Wednesday, Jan. 4, 1933, inside his rural Westgate home.
Downing lived alone on a 240-acre farm about eight miles northwest of Oelwein. He owned a total of about 800 acres in Fayette County, and also owned around 800 acres in Minnesota.
John Boiling and Harry Leiser, who’d brought some chickens to deliver to Downing, discovered the body in the kitchen after knocking on Downing’s door and then entering the home after he failed to appear. They immediately notified the sheriff’s office.
Investigators found Downing’s pocketbook missing and ruled robbery as motive for the murder.
An Oelwein Daily Register story published the following day described the scene law enforcement officials found:
From all of the evidence at hand it would seem that Mr. Downing was shot in the back of the head, just lack of the right ear, as he was stooping over the woodpile which he has in his kitchen or general living room. The charge was fired at close range, burning his neck, and the entire charge of shot from a shot gun going through his head, the shot lodging in the wood pile over which he was bending, tearing away the right side of his face. The pile of wood was in the southeast corner of the room, and the door from the east opening into it from the outside, was north of this.
The body when found was lying with the head against the east wall, just north of the outside door, and his feet toward the west, nearly to the heating stove, which was in the center of the room. The brains had been blown over the woodpile, with his head back of the door which was closed. At the northwest corner of this room was a little room used for storage and at the southwest corner of the room was a small room used as a bedroom.
Whether the man who killed him was already in the house when he came in and he came out of one of these rooms and shot him in the back of the neck, or whether he came while Mr. Downing was there in the house and shot him afterwards is not known. Whichever way it may have been Mr. Downing was evidently stooping over this pile of wood to get some to put in the stove when he was shot.
~ The Oelwein Daily Register, Page One, Thursday, Jan. 5, 1933
Downing and his wife, Ella Jane (Campbell) Downing, had been married 49 years and raised four children when, six years before Downing’s murder, she’d moved to Oregon to live with daughter Ethel.
Ella Jane passed away in Oregon Dec. 20, 1931.
The following brief timeline includes known events surrounding Downing’s murder:
Wednesday, January 4, 1933
Between 1 and 1:30 p.m.: C.F. Plaster, who lives about a half mile south of Downing, is driving past the Downing home and sees Downing outside. Plaster stops in the road in front of Downing’s home and the two chat.
Approx. 3 p.m.: Miss Ethel Gherken, a Galvin school teacher, hears a shot but thinks it is someone out hunting. She gives it no further thought.
Shortly after 3 p.m.: Mr. Harold Glew, who lives a short distance north of Downing, sees a man going through the cornfield across the road east of the Downing home, going diagonally southeast from when he entered the field.
4:15 p.m.: John Boiling and Harry Leiser arrive at the Downing farm to deliver an order of chickens. Downing hasn’t yet paid for the chickens, and when the men cannot find Downing around the property, they knock on the home’s east-side door. When no one answers, they push open the door and discover a gruesome scene. They notify the sheriff’s office.
Fayette County Sheriff Henry J. Nehring, County Coroner Dr. W.A. Walsh, and County Attorney Martin Cooney arrive at the crime scene, followed by a number of other individuals. The home is soon full of people. Mr. Downing, a man of considerable means who often loaned people money but never worried about being paid back, is not known to have had any enemies of any kind.
Downing’s body is taken to the Hintz funeral home in Oelwein.
Thursday, January 5, 1933
The coroner schedules an inquest for the afternoon.
Friday, January 6, 1933
Park A. Findley, head of the new Iowa Bureau of Investigation, says the agency is working on Downing’s killing and says bandits have recently been preying on wealthy farmers living alone.
Saturday, January 7, 1933
Authorities arrest Ernest Heller, 30, of Westgate and take him to the West Union jail for questioning. They investigate his whereabouts at the time of Downing’s murder. He is held for a few days before being discharged from custody. He’ll be rearrested two weeks later and charged with Downing’s murder.
Monday, January 9, 1933
Ashley Downing’s funeral is held at the Hintz Brothers Funeral home on First Avenue NE. Burial is at Woodlawn Cemetery.
Friday, January 13, 1933
D.C. Wilhelm, a 40-year-old Des Moines collector, is brought to Fayette County and placed in the county jail under a charge of forgery. Wilhelm is known to regularly visit the area and is known to have been in the vicinity Jan. 4.
Wednesday, Feb. 1, 1933
Downing’s property is sold at public auction in order the settle the estate. It includes a 12-year-old grey mare in foal; three head of cattle, eight head of hogs, about 50 chickens, feed and grain, machinery, furniture and other miscellaneous items.
Monday, January 30, 1933
Ernest Heller is arraigned before Judge Cook in superior court and charged with complicity in Downing’s murder. He will be held without bond until the grand jury’s next session in April.
Saturday, April 8, 1933
In its weekly city news, the Oelwein Daily Register reports that Ernest Heller was released from custody earlier in the week after a grand jury failed to find sufficient evidence to hold him any longer on the charge.
Wednesday, July 26, 1933
Bill Dagelau is arrested near Artesian, Iowa, by Sheriff H.J. Nehring and charged with the crime of robbery with aggravation upon Ashley Downing from two years ago when Downing had been held up and robbed at his home. Dagelau isn’t charged with the recent robbery or murder.
Saturday, July 29, 1933
Six months after Downing’s murder, another Fayette County resident is killed in an ambush-style shooting. Nels Pedersen Louvring, the 51-year-old owner of the Dixie Oil Co. filling station, is shot at his Fayette home shortly after arriving home from work. His murder also remains unsolved.
Friday, Aug. 4, 1933
State Agent A.A. Robertson and County Attorney Clooney return from Queen City, Mo., having in custody 18-year-old Lloyd Morgan, wanted for investigation in regarding the robbery of Ashley Downing in 1931, prior to Downing’s 1933 murder.
Despite the number of individuals questioned in Downing’s 1931 robbery and his 1933 robbery/homicide, no one was ever formally indicted with his death.
The Oelwein Public Library featured Downing’s unsolved murder as one of the stories during its “Stroll with the Spirits” at the Oakdale Cemetery on Friday, Sept. 12, 2014.
Many original articles about Downing’s unsolved murder may be downloaded in PDF format by clicking on the links in the “Sources” section below.
About Ashley Downing (courtesy the Parkers Prairie Independent)
Ashley Downing was born at Palatine, Cook County, Ill., June 25, 1855, to Macy Brooks Downing of Canada, and Richard Downing, a native of Launceston, England.
In his late teens he came to Fremont township, Fayette County, Iowa, to join his elder brother, Henry, his elder sister, Jane Ann “Jennie” (Mrs. James Smith), and his twin sister, Emma, (Mrs. Charles Tonkinson) residing there.
He later met Ella Jane Campbell of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, who’d come to Fremont Township in Fayette County to visit her sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Baird Downing, and Mrs. Nancy McClain.
Ashley and Ella Jane were married in Maynard, Iowa, on June 13, 1878, with the Rev. Woods officiating.
He was for years the sole survivor of his father’s family, having been preceded in death by his brothers, Henry and John, and his sisters, Jennie Smith, Emma Tonkinson and Mabel Downing.
In 1927 — a year before the couple’s 50th wedding anniversary — Ella Jane moved to Tillamook, Oregon, to live with the couple’s only daughter, Ethel.
Ashley spent the remainder of his life on the Fayette County farm two miles south and one-fourth mile west of the present site of Westgate, Iowa.
Ella Jane passed away in Oregon on Wednesday, December 16, 1931, at the age of 81 years, 9 months and 19 days.
Ashley died Wednesday, January 4, 1933, at the age of 77 years, 6 months and 9 days.
Survivors included his three sons: Ralph of Henry, S.D., Arthur and Roy of Parkers Prairie, Minnesota; his daughter, Ethel (Mrs. C.W. Quinn of Tillamook, Oregon); five great-grandchildren and 17 grandchildren.
Services were held at 2 p.m. Monday, Jan. 9, 1933, with the Rev. L.W. Hauter officiating. Interment was in Woodlawn cemetery.
If you have any information about Ashley Downing’s unsolved murder, please contact the Fayette County Sheriff’s Office at (563) 422-6067.
- Oelwein Daily Register and Oelwein Advantage Preservation — Search: Ashley Downing (Numerous Articles Available Online)
- “Man remembers Downing murder,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Thursday, September 11, 2014
- “‘Stroll with the Spirits’ is digging up cold case at Oakdale Cemetery,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Tuesday, September 9, 2014
- Richard Cock Downing (1825 – 1905) — Find a Grave Memorial
- Macy Irene Brooks Downing (1830 – 1909) — Find a Grave Memorial
- Ashley Downing (1855 – 1933) — Find a Grave Memorial
- Ella Jane Campbell Downing (1850 – 1931) — Find a Grave Memorial
- Jane Ann “Jennie” Downing Smith (1852 – 1921) — Find a Grave Memorial
- Mabel L. Downing (1868 – 1906) — Find a Grave Memorial
- Erin Johnson (Downing’s great-great-great-granddaughter), correspondence to Iowa Cold Cases, June 11, 2012
- Vicki Downing (wife of Downing’s great-grandson), correspondence to Iowa Cold Cases, June 11, 2012
- “Bring Back Youth For 1931 Robbery,” The Sumner Gazette, Aug. 10, 1933
- “RETURN WITH MAN FROM MISSOURI,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Saturday, Aug. 5, 1933
- “CHARGED WITH ROBBERY,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Wednesday, Aug. 2, 1933
- “DISCHARGE ERNEST HELLER AS INNOCENT: Man Held For Investigation Following Murder Of Ashley Downing Near Westgate Is Given His Liberty,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Saturday, April 8, 1933
- “Westgate News,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Saturday, Feb. 4, 1933
- “Obituaries: Ashley Downing,” The Parkers Prairie (MN) Independent, Feb. 2, 1933
- “Heller Held In Downing Death,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Tuesday, Jan. 31, 1933
- “Advertisement for Ashley Downing Estate Sale,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Saturday, Jan. 28, 1933
- “WILHELM IS UNDER ARREST,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Thursday, Jan. 19, 1933
- “Father of Local Man Was Murdered in Iowa: Ashley Downing Struck Down by Assassin at his Westgate, Iowa Home,” Parkers Prairie Independent, Parkers Prairie, Otter Tail County, Minnesota, Thursday, Jan. 12, 1933
- “Westgate News: Attended Funeral,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Thursday, Jan. 12, 1933
- “No New Developments In The Downing Murder,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Tuesday, Jan. 10, 1933
- “HELD MAN FOR INVESTIGATION,” The Oelwein Daily Register, MONDAY, JAN. 9, 1933
- “Funeral of Ashley Downing Today,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Jan. 9, 1933
- “ASHLEY DOWNING FUNERAL MONDAY,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Saturday, Jan. 7, 1933
- “STATE AGENT ON DOWNING KILLING,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Friday, Jan. 6, 1933
- “Farmer, Aged 78, Found Murdered In Fayette Home,” The Waterloo Daily Courier, Jan. 5, 1933
- “ASHLEY DOWNING IS BRUTALLY MURDERED: Ashley Downing Brutally Killed By A Robber,” The Oelwein Daily Register, Thursday, January 5, 1933
- “Iowa, State Census, 1925,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing, Fayette-Oelwein (1st ward), Fayette, Iowa, United States; citing Iowa State Historical Department, Des Moines; FHL microfilm 1,429,325.
- “United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashly Downing, Fremont, Fayette, Iowa, United States; citing sheet 10A, family 131, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,820,489.
- “Iowa, State Census, 1915,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing, 1915; citing Fremont, Fayette, Iowa, United States, card no. 255, Iowa State Historical Department, Des Moines; FHL microfilm 1,642,796.
- “United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing, Fremont, Fayette, Iowa, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 84, sheet 6B, family 116, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,374,415.
- “Iowa State Census, 1895,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing, Fayette, Iowa, United States; citing p. 413, 1895, State Historical Society, Des Moines; FHL microfilm 1,020,350.
- “United States Census, 1880,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing, Fremont, Fayette, Iowa, United States; citing enumeration district 200, sheet 109A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0339; FHL microfilm 1,254,339.
- “United States Census, 1870,” database with images, FamilySearch, Ashly Downing in household of Richard Downing, Illinois, United States; citing p. 33, family 248, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 545,712.
- “Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934,” database, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing and Ella Campbell, 13 Jun 1878; citing , Fayette, Iowa, United States, county courthouses, Iowa.
- “Iowa, County Marriages, 1838-1934,” database, FamilySearch, Ashley Downing and Ella Campbell, 12 Jun 1878; citing , Fayette, Iowa, United States, county courthouses, Iowa.